As per 73rd amendment of the Constitution, the Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) are required to be endowed with adequate responsibilities and powers to enable them to function as the “Institutions of self-government”.
Accordingly, the 37th Report of the Standing Committee (hereafter referred to as 37th Report) may be taken to represent the national consensus in Parliament on the present stage of implementation and the way forward. Based on the 37th Report, this Background Note details and elaborates key issues requiring consideration of the Chief Ministers in the light of the provisions of the Common Minimum Programme relating to Panchayati Raj.
The Constitution Seventy -Third Amendment Act, 1992 was a recognition of the fact that the
PRIs had not been able to acquire the status of viable and responsive people's bodies. This was attributed to factors such as the absence of regular elections, arbitrary and prolonged super-sessions, insufficient representation for weaker sections, and inadequate devolution of powers and lack of financial resources.
PRI empowerment can be seen as a tool of "rightsizing" of the government. Fiscal prudence now means less allocation on capital goods and services including on those who are poor. Panchayats should not fall into what is known as “devolution trap" by transferring the liabilities and headaches than assets and revenues.
Devolution to Panchayats Joint Memorandum
Orissa has suitably amended the existing laws relating to Panchayats, which include the Orissa Zilla Parishad Act 1991, the Orissa Panchayat Samiti Act 1959 and the Orissa" Grama Panchayat Act 1964. Under the legislation as it stands amended, Panchayats at all three levels have been entrusted with duties & functions with regard, to 21 matters listed in Eleventh Schedule of the Constitution.
Transparency in Rural development Programs
The Department of Panchayati Raj has already hosted all its Acts and Rules including latest circulars on its new-look web-page on government website. Rural Soft is a very dynamic software for physical and financial monitoring of anti-poverty programme specially SGRY-I and II, IAY and SGSY. To analyze the cash available in G.P level /Block/PS level DRDA/ZP level in a scientific manner, Panchayati Raj Institutions Accounting Software (PRIASOFT) has already been initiated in your DRDA.
Reluctance to Surrender Power
The political culture of our system. originating from the Act of 1935, is that whether we are members of Parliament, or ministers, or the state or the central governments, we are the bosses. That is the design of the administration. Whether you are a chief minister or minister or what have you, you are the master.-CM
E-Panchayat has been designed taking into consideration all the information and knowledge management requirements in a Gram Panchayat. The 1992 Panchayati raj Act of Government of India, and the success stories of the Gram Panchayats in various states in the country have been taken into consideration while developing e-Panchayat.
Instruction on NFFWP
Proposed allocation of fund and food grains to a GP area should be proportional to number of job seekers in GP area. It is necessary to ensure synergy of efforts and investment from line departments and NFFWP in a group of projects or any project for maximum extent possible.
Activity Mapping of PRI’s
The development of rural areas and the people has been of primary concern in the economic planning and development process of the state. It is now very much realized that to emerge as a strong and healthy Orissa, sustainable development in rural areas is an essential pre-requisite. the SMART (Simple, Moral, Accountable, Responsible, Transparent) motto of governance to provide universal service to all citizens by disseminating information with regards to plans, programs and objectives of the Government.
Action Plan-Eleventh Five Year Plan
The Constitution 73rd and 74th amendments, brought into effect in April 1992, envisage a very major reform of governance in the country. So great are the changes needed in attitudes; administrative, planning, financial and personnel systems; institutions and methods of working and so entrenched are existing mores in all these respects that it is not surprising that very limited progress has been made in fourteen years.
State Bio Diesel Policy
The current bio-diesel production potential of the State has been estimated at approximately 1000 KL per annum with further utilization of about 30% wasteland of the State the production is likely to increase up to 14000 KL per annum. At B20 this oil can be blended with 70000Kl of Diesel and at B5 the same can be blended with 280000Kl of diesel. The main objective of the policy is to enhance economic growth through maximization of production of bio-diesel in the state.